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涼山兒童希望之家 (日哈彝族文化傳習所) Children’s Hope House in Liangshan

封面照片
涼山兒童希望之家 (日哈彝族文化傳習所) Children’s Hope House in Liangshan
image ? ayaarch
所有圖片及文字來源:阿尼那建造生活 ayaarch

 

涼山兒童希望之家
Children’s Hope House in Liangshan

建筑師:阿尼那建造生活
地點:涼山 四川
設計團隊:許義興 ?謝麗菲 潘琪 王昱 連志陽
項目年份:2015
攝影師:許義興 王坤

Architects: AYAARCH
Location:? Liangshan Sichuan
Design team: ?Xu Yixing, Xie Lifei, Pan Qi, Wang Yu, Lian Zhiyang
Project Year:? 2015
Photographs:Xu Yixing, Wang Kun

涼山彝族自治州位于青藏高原東緣的橫斷山脈北段,向四川盆地和云貴高原之間的過渡地帶。這里是中國最大的集中連片貧困地區之一,目前仍有上百萬人生活在絕對貧困線以下。由于貧困長期持續、教育和醫療衛生事業發展嚴重滯后、毒品和艾滋病泛濫以及大量人口盲目外流,導致越來越多的鄉村兒童陷入生存困境。

Liangshan?Yi?Autonomous?Prefecture is located in the northern part of Hengduan Mountains on Eastern?Margin?of?Tibetan?Plateau, the zone?of?transition between the Sichuan Basin and the Yunnan-Guizhou?Plateau. Because of Geography?and?History, this place is one of the?largest?concentric and?connecting ?poor?areas in China. Until now, there is still more than one million people live under the absolute poverty line. The persistent?poor, the development?lags?of education, medical?and?health care, the?spread?of?drug and Aids, and population exodus, cause more and more rural children in trouble.

更為嚴重的是,在那些毒品泛濫和艾滋病流行的村寨,出現了越來越多的孤兒、失依兒童和服刑人員子女。這些失去父母監護的兒童嚴重缺乏基本生活保障,普遍存在營養不良和心理障礙,沒有受教育的基本條件。

The more serious, more and more orphans, helpless children, the children?of?prisoners appear in the villages which the drug and Aids spreads. These children without parental?monitoring, acute?shortage?of basic living guarantee, malnutrition in general, mental?disorder, and without basic conditions of education.

項目目標
在四川涼山彝族自治州日哈鄉援建一所“兒童希望之家”(社區兒童保護與早教中心),以培訓兒童社工,針對失依兒童、殘障兒童和服刑人員子女,提供營養午餐、學前教育、心理輔導和法律援助等公共服務。為在社區層面持續改善困境兒童的生存和受教育狀況,探索一種可以廣泛推廣的經驗和模式。

Aim of the project
Aid?and?build a children’s hope house (community?children protection and early?childhood?education center) in Riha, Liangshan, Sichuan. Aiming at the children of the helpless, disabled, and prisoners, training social?workers, providing nutrition?lunch, preschool education, psychological?counseling, legal aid, and other public serves. For persisting improving living and education conditions of children in plight, explore some experience and model which could be widely?spread.

設計—建造方法
通過前期的調研,為了傳承彝族的建造文化,兒童希望之家的建筑采用傳統的建造方式——夯土墻,瓦板頂的木結構房屋。但設計對當地傳統木結構體系做了大量簡化工作,盡量省去構件中的裝飾和多余成分,保留了必要的結構構件;加高了夾層空間,作為老師和志愿者的宿舍。

出于節能的考慮,建筑采用集中式布局,并且在每間房屋內部設置火塘(既滿足室內取暖的需求,又契合彝族文化的需求),生火產生的煙氣由煙罩收集起來,穿過閣樓房間(用于閣樓房間的取暖),再排到室外。

Design-Build Method
Though the investigation?and?study in earlier?stage, for inheriting Yi construction tradition, the school uses the traditional handmade construction way: loam?wall, roofing?slab, and wood structure. The design simplifies the traditional wood structure system, leaves off the decoration and unnecessary elements of components, reserves the necessary structure components; increase the height of interlayer, as the dormitories for teachers and volunteers.

Out of the consideration of energy?conservation, the project uses centralized?layout, and installs hearth in every classroom (fit the requirement of heating and Yi culture tradition). The smoke is collected by the chimney cap, and go through the attics (be used to heating the rooms), then is discharged out.

院落空間布局
建筑群落由三部分組成—辦公接待,后勤服務用房,活動室。建筑將用地分為內外兩個不同的部分,外側以綠地為主,跟隨地形設置游戲設施,也作為建筑與用地外的緩沖空間。內側主庭院鋪設沙土,設置沙石堆,供小朋友們游戲,鍋莊布置在主庭院較為開闊的地方,作為群體活動的場地。

Campus spatial composition
Building group consist of office-reception, service rooms, and activity rooms. ?The buildings divide the yard to in and out two parts: outside mainly is green space, with the game facilities following the landscape, also is the transitional space; inside main yard places sandy soil, sets sandy mound, for kids playing. ?Pot and stove, as collective activity ground, is set at open place in main courtyard.

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2016.10.12
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